The Internet of things (IoT) is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines provided with unique identifiers (UIDs) and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.
The extensive set of applications for IoT devices is often divided into consumer, commercial, industrial, and infrastructure spaces.
IoT devices are a part of the larger concept of home automation, which can include lighting, heating and air conditioning, media and security systems.Long-term benefits could include energy savings by automatically ensuring lights and electronics are turned off.
Provide assistance for those with disabilities and elderly individuals.Voice control can assist users with sight and mobility limitations while alert systems can be connected directly to cochlear implants worn by hearing-impaired users. They can also be equipped with additional safety features that include sensors that monitor for medical emergencies.
Medical and healthcare
The Internet of medical things is for medical and health related purposes, data collection and analysis for research, and monitoring. This technology is for creating a digitized healthcare system, connecting available medical resources and healthcare services.
The IoT can assist in the integration of communications, control, and information processing across various transportation systems and enables inter- and intra-vehicular communication, smart traffic control, smart parking, electronic toll collection systems, logistics and fleet management, vehicle control, safety, and road assistance.
In vehicular communication systems, vehicle-to-everything communication (V2X), is the first step to autonomous driving and connected road infrastructure.
Industrial internet of Things
Analyzes data from connected equipment, (OT) operational technology, locations and people to regulate and monitor industrial systems that can be carried out for automated record updates of asset placement in industrial storage units.
Integration of various manufacturing devices equipped with sensing, identification, processing, communication, actuation, and networking capabilities that opens the door to create whole new business and market opportunities for manufacturing. IoT intelligent systems enable rapid manufacturing of new products, dynamic response to product demands, and real-time optimization of manufacturing production and supply chain networks, by networking machinery, sensors and control systems together.
IoT applications collect data on temperature, rainfall, humidity, wind speed, pest infestation, and soil content. This data can be used to automate farming techniques, take informed decisions to improve quality and quantity, minimize risk and waste, and reduce effort required to manage crops.
Metropolitan Scale Deployments
IoT enables better management of cities and systems. Energy management : The smart grid is a utility-side IoT application; systems gather and act on energy and power-related information to improve the efficiency of the production and distribution of electricity.
The smart grid is a utility-side IoT application; systems gather and act on energy and power-related information to improve the efficiency of the production and distribution of electricity.
IoT uses sensors to assist in environmental protection by monitoring air or water quality, atmospheric or soil conditions, and can even include areas like monitoring the movements of wildlife and their habitats.
Internet of Military Things
It is the application in the military domain for the purposes of reconnaissance, surveillance, and other combat-related objectives.
Internet of Battlefield Things
This enhance the capabilities of Army soldiers by establishing a working collaboration between industry, university, and Army researchers to advance applications to Army operations.
Ocean of Things
This is for collecting, monitoring, and analyzing environmental and vessel activity data.
There are several applications of smart or active packaging in which a QR code or NFC tag is affixed on a product or its packaging that enables a user to access digital content about the product via a smartphone to automate supply chains.
Since IoT is gaining momentum in the business world by connecting the devices to the Internet, and transferring huge amounts of data automatically. Here we have good amount of opportunities and providing best services (automation, tracking, and data analysis etc) as given below.